幽静雅致的北京陶然亭公园

时间: 2016-06-03 / 作者: / 分类:旅游 / 浏览次数:490 views / 0个评论 发表评论

    到访北京,不妨到北京陶然亭公园走走,它位于北京市南二环陶然桥西北侧,北京市西城区太平街19号(护城河北岸),是一座融古代与现代造园艺术为一体的、以突出中华民族“亭文化”为主要内容的现代新型城市园林。亭子在中国园林的意境中起到很重要的作用,它能把外界大空间的景象吸收到这个小空间中来,欣赏者登临亭中,视域指向远方,突破了亭的有限空间。亭,留也,停也,人所安定也,亦人所停集也,为停息凭眺之所也。“江山无限景,都聚一亭中”

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    北京陶然亭是清代的名亭,也是中国四大名亭之一。清康熙34年(公元1695年),当时任窑厂监督的工部郎中江藻在慈悲庵内创建此亭,并取唐代诗人白居易“更待菊黄家酝熟,共君一醉一陶然”之诗意,为亭题额曰“陶然”。这也是公园名称的由来。亭上黑色的匾额是齐白石老先生留下的字,下面楹联:“烟藏古寺无人道,踏倚深堂有月来”,是光绪皇帝的老师翁同龢书写的。亭内金色“陶然”二字的匾额是建亭人江藻书写的,下面“似闻陶令开三径,来与弥陀共一龛”是禁烟名将林则徐留下的楹联。在亭梁上还有优美的苏式彩绘,它们是:采菊图、八仙过海、太白醉酒和刘海戏金蟾。

    明清时期,慈悲庵及陶然亭是京城文士、官宦极为青睐的游览集会胜地。近代以来,内忧外患的中国大地上,革命大潮明流暗涌,小小的慈悲庵因僻处北京城南,幽静雅致,也成为许多爱国志士和革命家的秘密集会之所。毛泽东、李大钊、周恩来、邓中夏等人留在这里的革命足迹,为清净古刹涂上了鲜红的时代颜色。

    公园内有华夏名亭景区,这座园中园,集中仿建了中国六省九地的知名历史名亭,有“醉翁亭”、“兰亭”、“鹅池碑亭”、“少陵草堂碑亭”、“沧浪亭”、“独醒亭”、“二泉亭”、“吹台”、“浸月亭”、“百坡亭”等十余座。这些名亭都是以1:1的比例仿建而成。亭景集萃,不仅独立成景,而且景景相连,深幽静雅,山上建亭,凌空秀立,成为鸟瞰风景的最佳落脚点;水面设亭,倒影成趣,增加层次;林木深处筑亭,半隐半露,含蓄而又添雅致。1989年华夏名亭园荣获全国设计金奖。

(Park of Chinese Famous Pavilions: Pavilions have a long history and glorious artistic achievement. Extensively scattered across the country, they are always appreciated by people for their beautiful shapes. Taoranting Park is a comprehensive park with pavilion scenery as its main characteristic. The Park of Chinese Famous Pavilions is the most famous scenic spot.

Pavilions in the Park of Chinese Famous Pavilions are modeled on over ten famous pavilions in the country. For example, the I-Sober-Alone Pavilion in Miluo, Hunan Province which was built to commemorate Qu Yuan, a great poet in the Warring States Period; the Orchid Pavilion and the Stele Pavilion of Goose Pond in Shaoxing, Zhejiang Province which were built to commemorate Wang Xizhi, a famous calligrapher in the Jin Dynasty, the Shaoling Caotang Stele Pavilion commemorating Tang Dynasty poet Du Fu in Chengdu, Sichuan Province; the Second Spring Pavilion in Wuxi, Jiangsu Province which was built to commemorate Lu Yu, a famous man of letters in the Tang Dynasty (he was also called the God of Tea); the Immerse-In-Moonbeam Pavilion in Jiujiang, Jiangxi Province built to commenmorate Bai Juyi, a poet in the Tang Dynasty, the Old Tipper’s Pavilion in Chuxian, Anhui Province commenmorating Ouyang Xiu, a famous man of letters in the Northern Song Dynasty, the Banished Immortal Pavilion commemorating the Immortal Poet Li Bai, which was built by the Beijing Institute of Landscape Design and Research; and the Cloud Painting Tower & Clear Sound Pavilion in Zhongnanhai. Graceful pavilions hiding in the thick bamboo woods bring extraordinary splendor to visitors. The beauty of pavilions blends harmoniously with the rest of the park, presenting marvelous scenery.

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    4、5月公园内的月季次第争相开放,妖娆艳丽,花香袭人,坐在园内的休憩处,阵阵的花香沁入心脾,令人精神为之一爽。这月季花种类繁多:金边(Havbog)、邦尼卡(Meidomonac)、柴可夫斯基(Meichibon)、波蒂塞利(Meisylpho)、红伊甸园(Meidrason)、粉色惊艳(Meigadraz)、卡特道尔(Meidresia)、赛维拉那(Meigekanu)、红双喜(Double Delight)、梅朗口红(Rouge Meiland)、保尔查理德(Meinivoz)可爱美地兰(Meiratcan)等等……

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    公园内湖波荡漾,泛舟湖心,微风拂面,动静结合,放松心情的好场所。

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    五四运动学生领袖、中国共产党早期党员高君宇烈士和其恋人,四大才女之一的石评梅女士安眠于此,陶然化蝶,令人唏嘘不已。高君宇曾写下:“我是宝剑,我是火花,我愿生如闪电之耀亮,我愿死如彗星之迅忽。”

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到达陶然亭公园的公交车:

东门

到太平街或陶然桥北站:14路、40路、66路、70路、102路、106路、专13路、特5路等均可以到达。

北门

到陶然亭公园北门站:40路、59路、专13路等均可以到达。

南门

到陶然亭公园南门:84路、122路、458路、485路(单行)、692路、741路、运通102路、特3路、特12路、特17路(单行)、821路、958路、997路、夜15路等均可以到达。

成人门票价格:2元

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